The International Criminal Court The International Criminal Court (ICC) is the first permanent international judicial body capable of trying individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes when national courts are unable or unwilling to do so.
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The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court entered into force on 1 July 2002.
The ICC represents one of the most significant opportunities the world has had to prevent or drastically reduce the deaths and devastation caused by conflict. Since 2002, much progress has been achieved in the establishment of the Court which is located in The Hague, the Netherlands. With all of the senior officials of the Court in place, the receipt of one Security Council and three State referrals, and the formal launch of investigations, the Court is now a fully-functional judicial institution.
History of the ICC This section provides an overview of the history of the Court. From the United Nations Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court, held in Rome in 1998, to the entry into force of the Statute in 2002 and the first Security Council referral to the ICC in 2005, a great deal has been achieved.
About the Coalition
The Coalition for the International Criminal Court (CICC) includes 2,500 civil society organizations in 150 different countries working in partnership to strengthen international cooperation with the ICC; ensure that the Court is fair, effective and independent; make justice both visible and universal; and advance stronger national laws that deliver justice to victims of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide.
A number of eminent figures attended the CICC Reception in July 2002, celebrating the ICC Statute’s entry into force. (l-r) William Pace, CICC Convenor; UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, Chairperson of the ICC Preparatory Commission Amb. Philippe Kirsch; UN Legal Counsel Hans Correll; and former Nuremberg Prosecutor Ben Ferencz.
William Pace their from left. Executive Director – World Federalist Movement (WFM) – (George Soros -Pierre Omidyar funded) – http://www.zoominfo.com/p/William-Pace/613707456
10 February 1995 A number of NGOs meet in New York and decide to form the NGO Coalition for an International Criminal Court. [see below – William Pace and NGO’s]
The CICC starts out with 25 member organizations
1995-1996 NGOs meet with the recently formed group of Like-Minded Governments (LMG) who support the creation of an ICC.
1997 The Coalition encourages governments to call for a diplomatic conference to negotiate the ICC treaty. In consultation with the LMG, the CICC develops the guiding principles for a permanent ICC.
Two years after its founding, the Coalition has now grown to 450 organizations.
14 June 1998 The CICC Steering Committee adopts its eleven principles for the Coalition’s work at the Rome Conference.
15 June – 17 July 1998 CICC members take part in the Rome Diplomatic Conference on the ICC and represent the largest delegation, with nearly 500 participants.
The Coalition now counts a total of 800 member organizations.
August 1998 After the conference, CICC members adopt a multi-year campaign to secure the 60 ratifications required for entry into force of the treaty.
1999 The CICC calls for July 17th to be designated World Day for International Justice. The CICC is nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize; three other nominations follow in subsequent years. The Coalition also launches a campaign from The Hague on 13 May 1999 calling for the worldwide ratification of the ICC Statute after Senegal became the first state to ratify the ICC treaty in February 1999.
2000 Despite expert predictions that it would take decades to realize 60 ratifications, the success of the Coalition’s global ratification campaign indicates that it could be achieved by 2002. The Coalition begins research on “lessons learned” from the ICTY and ICTR.
September 2000 During the Millennium Summit, UN Secretary General Kofi Annan calls on all UN member states to promptly ratify the Rome Statute. .
More than 1,000 NGOs have joined the Coalition.
31 December 2000 NGO members in the United States conduct an extensive campaign for President Clinton’s signature of the ICC treaty. On its final day for signature, the United States – along with Iran and Israel – signs the Rome Statute, bringing the total number to 139 signatories (surpassing the CICC campaign goal of 120 signatures, to match the votes in favor of the Rome Statute).
2001 After Andorra’s ratification of the ICC treaty marked the halfway point to the 60 ratifications needed for the Rome Statute’s entry into force, the Coalition calls for the government of the Netherlands and the Preparatory Commission to dramatically step up efforts to prepare for the ICC, including the establishment of an Advance Team.
11 April 2002 CICC members attend a historic ceremony at the UN, in which ten countries simultaneously deposit their instruments of ratification, triggering the entry into force of the ICC Statute. The event is the result of close collaboration between the Coalition and the UN.
May 2002 The Coalition establishes a co-secretariat in The Hague to closely monitor the Court and facilitate NGO consultations with the ICC and the Assembly of States Parties.
June-July 2002 After the United States announces to the United Nations its intention not to ratify the Rome State, the Coalition organizes intense opposition to US efforts to obtain a Security Council resolution exempting US peacekeepers from ICC prosecution for a renewable one year period, which is ultimately adopted on July 12.
1 July 2002 The CICC hosts a reception to mark the entry into force of the Rome Statute, which is attended by UN Secretary General Kofi Annan.
September 2002 At the first meeting of the Assembly of States Parties (ASP), held in New York, the Coalition succeeds in promoting democratic and progressive procedures and criteria with regard to the election of judges and the Prosecutor.
11 March 2003 After the election of the first 18 judges by the ASP in February 2003 in New York, the Coalition is honored to participate in the Inauguration of the ICC judges, and hosts a Special Convocation with the newly elected judges. The Convenor joins the ICC President and the President of the Assembly of States Parties in a press conference. The next month, the ASP elects Mr. Luis Moreno Ocampo of Argentina as the first Chief Prosecutor of the ICC.
16 June 2003 Coalition members participate in the Swearing in of ICC Prosecutor Luis Moreno Ocampo and make presentations at his first public hearing.
The CICC’s membership now exceeds 2,000 organizations.
September 2003 The Coalition’s budgetary and other working groups increase activities to monitor the ASP during the early stages of the ICC’s establishment. The ASP adopts a resolution recognizing the contributions of the CICC to the establishment of the Court.
2004 The Coalition becomes fully engaged with all aspects of the ICC and expands its networks in Africa and the Middle East.
January-June 2004 CICC members advocate actively against attempts to undermine the integrity of the Court and help prevent the renewal of Security Council Resolutions 1422/1487 that exempted UN peacekeepers from non-States Parties from ICC prosecution, which is ultimately withdrawn by the United States due to a lack of support.
April 2004 The Coalition embarks on its campaign to secure 100 ratifications.
September 2004 The Coalition facilitates NGO participation in the Third Session of the Assembly of States Parties, which is held in The Hague for the first time. The Assembly adopts the ICC’s budget for 2005 and elects the Deputy Prosecutor for Prosecutions, Ms. Fatou Bensouda of The Gambia.
2005 The CICC expands its team structure to better monitor and provide input on issues related to the ICC and the ASP. The Coalition also expands its New York and Hague Secretariats.
10 February 2005 The Coalition celebrates its 10th anniversary.
31 March 2005 The UN Security Council refers the situation in Darfur, Sudan to the International Criminal Court, an action advocated by many CICC members.
The CICC’s membership now has organizations from over 150 countries.
27 October 2005 Mexico becomes the 100th state to ratify the ICC treaty. The CICC attends a ceremony at the United Nations to commemorate the event.
CICC Convenor and Staff
CICC Convenor Mr. William R. Pace has served as the Convenor of the Coalition for an International Criminal Court since its founding in 1995. He is the Executive Director of the World Federalist Movement-Institute for Global Policy (WFM-IGP) and is a co-founder and steering committee member of the International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect. He has been engaged in international justice, rule of law, environmental law, and human rights for the past 30 years. He previously served as the Secretary-General of the Hague Appeal for Peace, the Director of the Center for the Development of International Law, and the Director of Section Relations of the Concerts for Human Rights Foundation at Amnesty International, among other positions. He is the President of the Board of the Center for United Nations Reform Education and an Advisory Board member of the One Earth Foundation, as well as the co-founder of the NGO Steering Committee for the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and the NGO Working Group on the United Nations Security Council….
CICC Program Director Ms. Jelena Pia-Comella joined the Coalition as Program Director in February 2011. Ms. Pia-Comella has over 14 years of experience in international relations and a deep knowledge of the United Nations (UN) system. She previously served as Director of Programs at the World Federalist Movement-Institute for Global Policy (WFM-IGP) since July 2008. Her career began as a diplomat representing the country of Andorra to the UN, the United States and Canada and as such participated in the 1998 Rome Conference. In 2002, she was appointed Deputy Permanent Representative of Andorra to the UN. In addition, she served as Chargé d’affaires a.i./Chief of Mission to the United States and Canada from 2001 to 2007. In 2008, Ms. Pia-Comella joined the Center for Women’s Global Leadership and Women’s Environment and Development Organization as a consultant to coordinate the Gender Equality Architecture Reform Campaign (GEAR), a coalition of over 300 NGOs for the purpose of strengthening gender equality at the UN…
The Coalition’s Steering Committee ..NGO’s:
Emeritus Steering Committee Members:
At a guess the above NGO’s were involved in creating the ICC – Soros’ HRW in the lead.
The Coalition’s Advisory Board:
The Honorable Kofi Annan, Chair
Former Secretary-General of the United Nations and Nobel Laureate
His Excellency Bruno Stagno Ugarte, Vice Chair
Executive Director, Security Council Report and Former Minister of Foreign Relations of Costa Rica
His Royal Highness Prince Zeid Ra’ad Zeid Al-Hussein
Permanent Representative of Jordan to the United Nations
The Honorable Louise Arbour
President & CEO, International Crisis Group and former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights [Chair of the International Crisis Group and the chief prosecutor against Milsovec – they were determined to get rid of him.]
The Honorable Lloyd Axworthy
President, University of Winnipeg and former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Canada
Dr. Jonathan Fanton
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Visiting Fellow, Roosevelt House Public Policy Institute at Hunter College and former President, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
The Honorable Justice Richard Goldstone
Former Chief Prosecutor, International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia
Ms. Hina Jilani
Advocate, Supreme Court of Pakistan and former UN Special Representative of the Secretary -General on Human Rights Defenders
Mr. Juan E. Méndez
UN Special Rapporteur on Torture and Special Adviser on Crime Prevention at the ICC Office of the Prosecutor
Ms. Pam Omidyar
Founder and Board Chair, Humanity United – [wife of e-bay Pierre Omidyar]
Mr. William R. Pace
Convenor, Coalition for the International Criminal Court
Dr. Sigrid Rausing
Publisher, Granta and Founder & Chair, The Sigrid Rausing Trust
Ms. Darian Swig
President, Article 3 Advisors
The Honorable Patricia Wald
Former Chief Judge for the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia and Judge for the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
His Excellency Christian Wenaweser – Permanent Representative of the Principality of Liechtenstein to the United Nations
Omidyar (like Soros) has donated to the ICC, and the World Federalist Movement. Omidyar states he, (like Soros), wants transparency and to empower citizen “journalists”. Now he’s getting involved with Greenwald and all who were involved in the Snowden disclosures thusfar putting up $250mil. One wonders what’s up…
Major support has been provided by:
The Commonwealth of Australia (Australia has dropped their donation);
The European Union;
The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg;
Irish Aid (Mary Robinson is one of the Elders which may account for the Irish donation);
The Kingdom of Belgium;
The Kingdom of Denmark;
The Kingdom of the Netherlands; (Dutch troops were involved in both Serbian/Rwandian massacres)
The Kingdom of Norway;
The Kingdom of Sweden;
The New Zealand Government;
The Principality of Liechtenstein;
The Republic of Austria;
The Republic of Finland;
The Swiss Confederation
The Ford Foundation;
Herman Goldman Foundation,
Humanity United (Pierre and Pam Omidyar’ Foundation),
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation,
Jones Day Open Society Institute,
Paul D. Schurgot Foundation,
Roosevelt House School for Public Policy,
Samuel Rubin Foundation,
The Sigrid Rausing Trust,
Thomas A. Todd Foundation
CICC (NGOs – HRW) lobbied for the ICC:
…”In July of 1992, Human Rights Watch called for an international tribunal to punish the perpetrators of war crimes and genocide (Bass 2000, 210). The World Federalist Association in the United States and their international umbrella group, World Federalist Movement decided around this time that they would actively advocate a permanent International Criminal Court as their priority issue.
… In 1993, [William] Pace attended the World Conference on Human Rights held in Vienna. Over 3,000 participants from 1,500 NGOs attended this meeting (Keck and Sikkink, 1998, 187). This meeting led to the strengthening of network ties between different NGOs, and Pace actively sought to identify individuals and groups that would be interested in taking on the ICC issue.
A year later, Pace was instrumental in inviting leaders from thirty NGOs to participate in a meeting held at the United Nations after one of the early GA Sixth Committee debates on the ICC proposal that had emerged from the ILC. These NGOs agreed to form the Coalition for an International Criminal Court. At about that time in the Fall of 1994, the ILC sent its final draft statute to the General Assembly’s legal committee, with a recommendation that they convene an international treaty conference to adopt a statute. The General Assembly formed an ad hoc committee to consider the ILC draft shortly thereafter.
The central activity of the NGO Coalition for an ICC was and continues to be to serve as a clearing house for information, proposals, and arguments about the ICC, facilitated by NGOs who favor some type of permanent court. The complexity of the issues involved with specific technical proposals for provisions of the ICC statute made it difficult for many national governments to become aware of the process under way at the United Nations, let alone understand the implications of the decisions for their national positions. The NGO Coalition engaged in direct lobbying efforts, produced positions papers, and published media editorials in a coordinated effort to inform states and the media on these issues. One feature of the NGO Coalition in the 1990’s was the ability of groups with technical information about the state of the negotiations to coordinate with other organizations with very large memberships, such as Amnesty International. The former groups were often able to encourage the latter to undertake letter writing campaigns to key politicians or newspapers at times when it could have a meaningful impact on the evolution of the ICC process…
A crucial element of the NGO Coalition’s ultimate success was this orientation towards expanding the number of non-governmental organizations that took an interest in the ICC issue. For example, in October of 1997, Human Rights Watch issued an action alert addressed to other NGOs with the basics about the ICC process underway at the UN, preparations for the Rome conference, HRW’s reasons for supporting the ICC. The alert concluded with a specific set of tasks that other groups could undertake to raise awareness of the ICC, and offered strategy guidelines for creating national coalitions of interested organizations. There was a tremendous response to these outreach efforts. The NGO Coalition for the ICC grew from its initial 30 member organizations in 1994 to hundreds in the run-up to the Rome conference and thousands after the statute was adopted and the campaign turned towards focusing on ratification efforts.
As noted above, a crucial difficulty in creating the ICC was the need to define the crimes with sufficient precision so that those acts that people broadly agree to be inappropriate could be deterred and punished, but without submitting the regular conduct of state officials to undue scrutiny…
… A book length publication by Human Rights Watch in early 1998 is an example of NGO discourse that argued many of the NGO Coalition’s preferences on a variety of issues, and identified solutions to the major conflicts that had emerged in the negotiations in the Preparatory Commission meetings before the Rome Conference…
Complementarity was the key principle of the ILC’s 1994 draft statute for an ICC which dealt with the sovereignty issue in a way that allowed a majority of states to support the ICC project. Complementarity meant simply that the ICC’s jurisdiction would overlap with that of national courts. In this way, a supra-national court could be created that would be less of a challenge to states existing sovereign rights. Because the ICC was primarily intended to deal with situations where there either was no state capable of prosecuting the offenders, where the state was unwilling to do so, or where a national prosecution might appear partisan, it was recognized that wherever possible, nation-states should continue to have primary jurisdiction over violations of international criminal law, and that the ICC should only complement that jurisdiction (Holmes, p. 48-51 in Lee 1999).
World Federalist Movement – Major funding:
Arsenault Family Foundation,
the European Center for Conflict Prevention,
the European Union,
the Ford Foundation,
the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation,
the Oak Foundation,
the Open Society Institute,
the Sigrid Rausing Trust,
and Humanity United, (e-bay Pierre/Pam Omidyar)
as well as by the governments of – Australia, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Liechtenstein, The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland, and a number of individual donors.
The funding/partners appear to be pretty close to those who supported/support the International Criminal Court, World Federalist Movement, and Human Rights Watch.
Human Rights Watch:
Soros pretty much owns the whole enchilata! There are currently 5 countries being investigated by this ICC aka Corporation and they’re all from Africa. Interesting that the Global Syndicate are concentrating in that area as we speak.
Princess Mabel w/ her friend Jimmy Wales co-founder of Wiki…(I think the other co-founder might have been Dutch)
The ICC have targeted 5 African countries in recent times and that’s about it.
Soros Owns the Court Indicting Bashir
July 15, 2008 (EIRNS)—Billionaire speculator George Soros funds the International Criminal Court at the Hague, which is seeking to arrest Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir. Though the Court is affiliated with the United Nations, George Soros largely directed the lobbying campaign that led to the Court’s creation in 2002-2003. The Court’s charge of “genocide” against President Bashir carries the special irony that its sponsor, Soros, once worked for the Adolf Eichmann apparatus carrying out the extermination of the Jews of Hungary in 1944.
Soros’s Open Society Institute published (March 19, 2008) brief accounts of its Justice Initiative grant recipients:
“International Criminal Court: The Justice Initiative works closely with the International Criminal Court (ICC), helping it function as efficiently and effectively as possible. Among other activities, the Justice Initiative assists local human rights advocates in gathering and presenting information of use to the ICC, pursues advocacy and public education with governments to secure support for the ICC, and contributes to building the capacity of ICC staff on a range of issues.”
The Soros organization also directly funded another agency at the Hague, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, which prosecuted and judicially murdered Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic.
The three primary funders of the current International Criminal Court are:
1) George Soros;
2) the British empire through the United Kingdom’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office; and
3) the European Union’s “European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights,” whose initiatives are enmeshed with and co-managed by the Soros apparatus.
The International Criminal Court’s offices are in the capital of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, by arrangement with the Dutch government and in close cooperation with the Dutch royal family. Princess Mabel of Orange Nassau, daughter-in-law of Queen Beatrix, is a Soros employee, who runs his relations with the European Union. The Princess herself ran Balkans political-military intrigues in conjunction with Dutch lawyer Phon van den Biesen, who represented Bosnia at the Hague when Bosnia charged Serbia with genocide.
On January 22, 2007, Princess Mabel told The Hague International Model United Nations assembly, on behalf of the Soros Open Society Institute, that “we pushed for the creation of the International Criminal Court, which is now based in The Hague and turning this city into the international capital for justice. These courts send a clear message to presidents … like those in Rwanda and Cambodia and right now in Darfur…. My husband [Prince Friso] sat right here during his school days, just like you….”
Soros finances and largely controls the “Coalition for the International Criminal Court” which lobbied for the ICC’s creation and now helps direct ICC activities. Richard Dicker of Soros’s “Human Rights Watch” group is a founder and permanent steering comittee member of the Coalition. (The Soros-funded Coalition is headed by William Pace, executive director of the Soros-funded World Federalism Movement.)
The London Guardian wrote (Feb. 12, 2004) sardonically about the Milosevic trial, “Richard Dicker, the trial’s observer for Human Rights Watch, announced himself ‘impressed’ by the prosecution’s case. Cynics might say that as George Soros, Human Rights Watch’s benefactor, finances the tribunal, Dicker might not be expected to say anything else.”
On December 14, 2005, Soros’s Open Society Institute brought their International Criminal Court Prosecutor, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, to New York for a public forum on the Court. Their press release explained,
“Luis Moreno-Ocampo, the International Criminal Court’s Chief Prosecutor, described the role of the Court in preventing atrocities … Moreno-Ocampo’s visit to OSI was part of the Restoring American Leadership roundtable series, a project of OSI and the Security and Peace Initiative, which is a joint initiative of the Center for American Progress and The Century Foundation….
“Moreno-Ocampo was in New York City to address the United Nations Security Council, where he presented a progress report detailing the latest developments in the Court’s investigations into war crimes in Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Sudan.” http://www.larouchepub.com/pr/2008/080715soros_owns_icc.html
An older article nonetheless there remains yet another Soros footprint…
Louise Arbour, CEO and Chair of Soros’ International Crisis Group persecuted Milosovec at the ICC-Y…
Soros’ Justice Initiative: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/open-society-justice-initiative