Posted by RC_Anderson – Source: Family Security Matters – by PETER FARMER
Click here to read source
As detailed in this writer’s previous column (“Our Achilles’ Heel” FSM, 1 August 2012), there exist numerous vulnerabilities in the security protocols of our nation’s most powerful institutions, including those of the federal government and the military. Not surprisingly, our adversaries have moved to exploit these weaknesses by infiltrating agents into these organizations; they have done so with remarkable success. Perhaps no group has exploited these opportunities as adroitly as the Jamiat al-Ikhwan al-muslimun, better-known to westerners as the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) or simply the Ikhwan (Arabic for “Brothers”). The recent controversy over Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s deputy chief of staff and senior aide Huma Abedin is just one example of a senior government official with verifiable ties to the Brotherhood and its sister organization for Muslim women.
The Abedin incident is noteworthy for several reasons. First, the incident offers the opportunity to review the history of the Ikhwan and educate readers unfamiliar with it. Second, it provides a window of observation into the modus operandi of the Brotherhood and some of the methods used to advance their cause of civilizational jihad. Third, the reaction of the leftist mainstream media and political class to the incident offers prima facie evidence of the complicity of both groups in excusing, rationalizing and otherwise covering-up actions by the Brotherhood. [….]
The identity of today’s Muslim Brotherhood, in many ways, parallels the lives of just three influential men, who founded and shaped the Brotherhood as it grew into the largest and most-influential Pan-Islamic movement in the world today. The three men were Hasan al-Banna, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini, and Sayyid Qutb. In the previous installment of this series, we examined the life of the founder of the movement, Hasan al-Banna. In this, the second installment, we turn our attention to a second key figure – Haj Mohammed Amin al-Husseini.
Mohammed Amin al-Husseini was born in 1895 in Jerusalem in what was then British Mandatory Palestine into an influential, politically-powerful clan. Young al-Husseini was indoctrinated by his father and other clan members, who hated the British and the Jews. He attended a Koranic primary school and then a Turkish-funded secondary school, where he learned the language of that nation. He matriculated briefly in 1912 at Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt, where he learned Islamic (sharia) law. In 1913, he made the pilgrimage to Mecca required of all Muslims, and thereafter appended the prefix “Haj” to his name.
With the start of World War One in 1914, al-Husseini joined the Turkish army and became an artillery officer. He was on disability leave in Jerusalem in 1916 when British forces captured the city. During the period 1916-1918, al-Husseini participated in the Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire. Immediately after the war, al-Husseini’s views remained those of an Arab nationalist, but his political and ideological views shifted towards overt anti-Semitism and a greater Muslim consciousness. Other Palestinian Muslims began to look to him for leadership. Al-Husseini then participated in efforts to destabilize the British mandatory government; he also became a hardline opponent of Jewish immigration into Palestine. In 1920, during the implementation of the Balfour Declaration, violent rioting between Jerusalem’s Jews and Arabs broke out; al-Husseini was charged with incitement for his role in the uprising and received a ten-year prison sentence from a military court. He fled to Trans-Jordan before being apprehended. [….]
After escaping Iraq ahead of pursuing British security forces and making his way to fascist Italy, Amin al-Husseini arrived in Germany in November 1941. Upon reaching Berlin, al-Husseini was treated as visiting royalty; a head of state in exile. The Nazi Party supplied him with several luxurious homes staffed with servants, a chauffeured Mercedes limousine, a monthly stipend equivalent to $10,000, and suites in two of Berlin’s most-prestigious hotels. He was also allocated a generous entertainment allowance, intended for his use in influencing the substantial Arab expatriate community then in Berlin.
World Islamic Council – Mohammed al Husseini was President & Founder
Seeking support for Arab pan-nationalism and Muslim causes, al-Husseini had been in contact with members of the Nazi regime as early as 1933. He presented the Nazi leadership with a draft proposal of German-Arab cooperation, under which Germany would recognize the legitimacy of an Arab state encompassing Palestine, Syria, Trans-Jordan and Iraq, in return for Arab support of the Axis Powers in the Middle East. These views found favor in the highest reaches of the Nazi Party. On November 28, 1941, after meeting with Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, al-Husseini was granted an audience with Führer Adolf Hitler.
In Hitler, al-Husseini found a soul mate. Although Hitler had written years before in Mein Kampf of the “racial inferiority” of Muslims, the Führer’s views had modified considerably since that time. Indeed, in the blond-haired, blue-eyed and light-complexioned al-Husseini, Hitler found a fellow Aryan. The Mufti and he shared a passionate hatred of the Jews and the British. Thus united, they formed a new strategic partnership.
In the months following his successful meeting with Hitler, al-Husseini formed a number of close relationships with members of the Nazi inner circle, including friendships with Reichsfuhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler, the head of the Schutzstaffel (SS), Hitler’s elite body guard and the chief paramilitary force of the Reich; and SS- Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) Adolf Eichmann. The Grand Mufti remained close with Reichsminister von Ribbentrop. Soon, al-Husseini and these men discovered a shared passion for the extermination of Jews.
At al-Husseini’s request, Von Ribbentrop ordered that no Jews within German-controlled territory be allowed to leave Europe to enter Palestine. He also directed the formation of a special bureau within the Foreign Ministry devoted to extermination of Jewry abroad, called the “Anti-Jewish Action Abroad.”
With the assistance of Nazi Propaganda Minister Josef Goebbels, al-Husseini began pro-Axis Arabic-language radio broadcasts from Berlin to the Middle East as early as December, 1941. In these broadcasts, he called upon his Arab brethren to commit acts of sabotage against the British and to kill Jews and other infidels at every opportunity. Assisted by Iraqi fellow exile Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, the Mufti called upon Muslims worldwide to wage jihad against the Allies. In one such broadcast on March 1, 1944, al-Husseini urged his listeners, “Kill the Jews wherever you find them. This pleases God, history and religion.”
Bosnian Muslim civilians greet members of the Handschar division with Nazi “Heil Hitler” salutes, on right, as the division arrives in Bosnia. Some of the Bosnian Muslim civilians on the right are wearing Ottoman Turkish fezzes. Wiener Illustrierte, May 24, 1944, issue number 21.
The Grand Mufti collaborated actively with Himmler and Eichmann in the conduct of the “Final Solution” to exterminate the Jews of Europe. He toured Auschwitz concentration camp with Eichmann, and according to later testimony at the Nuremburg Trials by top Eichmann aide and SS-Hauptsturmführer Dieter Wisliceny, al-Husseini constantly urged greater haste in the killing of the Jews.
In 1943, Himmler asked for al-Husseini’s assistance in recruiting Muslims into the SS for use in the Balkans; under the Mufti’s enthusiastic direction, the notorious 13th Mountain Division “Handschar” of the Waffen-SS was formed from some 20,000 Croatian Muslim volunteers. It later saw action against Yugoslav partisans under Marshall Tito, and participated in ethnic cleansing operations against Jews and other “undesirables” in the region. Over 800,000 Yugoslav Serbs, Jews and Roma (gypsies) were exterminated, many by the cruel members of the Handschar division.
Gebirgs Division der SS “Handschar” Collar Tab. A Nazi swastika with a hand holding an Ottoman Turkish dagger, a handzar.
At the conclusion of WWII, al-Husseini escaped to neutral Switzerland aboard one of the last flights out of the Third Reich. Unable to secure political asylum there, he fled to France – where he was placed under house arrest in a residence near Paris. The British, French and Yugoslav governments all considered criminal charges and/or extradition requests; despite overwhelming evidence of his complicity in numerous war crimes and crimes against humanity, these governments – for their own reasons – declined to press the issue. Moreover, despite being one of the few members of the Nazi inner-circle to have had definitive knowledge of the “Final Solution,” and testimony by Wisliceny and other captured members of the SS confirming his role in the Holocaust, al-Husseini managed to escape being brought before the bar of justice at the Nuremburg Trials.
When a series of investigative reports on his wartime activities – authored by New York Post reporter Edgar A. Mowrer – appeared in print in 1946, pressure mounted on al-Husseini to leave France.
Using a false identity and posing as a member of the Syrian diplomatic delegation, the mufti slipped out of France aboard a midnight flight bound for Cairo, where he received political asylum and a hero’s welcome from Egyptian King Farouk. Over the coming weeks and months, al-Husseini met with many friends and associates as he renewed old ties to such figures as Muslim Brotherhood founder Hassan al-Banna, and influential commentator and theorist Sayyid Qutb. During this time, he also made the acquaintance of young firebrand and Cairo native Yasser Arafat. Arafat, the future leader of the notorious Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), was in fact a distant cousin to al-Husseini. The mufti quickly became the younger man’s mentor, a role al-Husseini welcomed and was to hold until the end of his life. Aware of his advancing years and the taint of the numerous intrigues in which he had been involved, al-Husseini sought to pass his vision to the next generation, even as he sought to re-establish his power in the region by reactivating the Muslim Supreme Council and Arab High Committee.
With the formation of the state of Israel in May 1948 and its subsequent diplomatic recognition by the United States and other powers, al-Husseini and his supporters devoted their energies to forming an all-Palestinian Arab government seated in Gaza, Palestine. In October, 1948, the governments of Syria, Lebanon and Egypt recognized the new government, but Jordan did not;
King Abdullah – who held a profound distrust and hatred of al-Husseini – told the other members of the Arab League that he would oppose utterly any government headed by the mufti, whom he saw as a threat to Jordanian control of Arab Palestine. Unable to obtain western recognition and approval for his unelected government-in-waiting, support for al-Husseini gave way. In May, 1949, over al-Husseini’s angry opposition and with the concurrence of the Second Palestinian Congress, Jordan assumed formal control over Palestine. King Farouk – his confidante and ally only two years earlier – ordered al-Husseini to leave Gaza, then under Egyptian control, and return to Cairo. Al-Husseini’s aspirations of national leadership had been dashed; he governed no territory and held no concrete power.
Despite the setback, al-Husseini remained influential within the Arab Muslim community during the post-war period and into the 1950s. In 1951, the mufti gained a measure of revenge against King Abdullah of Jordan, when the latter was assassinated by a member of the Husseini clan during a visit to the al-Aqsa Mosque. Protected by allies in the Muslim Brotherhood, the ever-elusive al-Husseini was able to avoid implication in the murder, despite his direct involvement in the plot. The mufti was also consoled somewhat by the increasing influence of protégé Arafat within the Muslim High Council, and he continued to meet and cultivate a who’s-who of current and future Middle East leaders, whose ranks included future Egyptian President and fellow Muslim Brotherhood member Anwar al-Sadat. Al-Husseini and Sadat had met during the war years, when Sadat had worked for the mufti and the Nazis as a spy against the British. The mufti also inspired a young Iraqi named Saddam Hussein, the future president and dictator of Iraq. Saddam’s uncle, Khairallah Talfah, had been one of al-Husseni’s most-trusted subordinates during the abortive pro-Nazi coup in Iraq during WWII.
In 1959, Amin al-Husseini left exile in Heliopolis, Egypt and moved to Lebanon. Two years later, in May, 1961, agents of the Israeli Mossad captured wanted Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and flew him to Jerusalem to stand trial. Despite efforts by Israeli interrogators to uncover the truth, Eichmann steadfastly denied his relationship with Haj al-Husseini, and lied on his behalf to hide the mufti’s role in the Holocaust. After Eichmann’s execution, daily newspapers throughout the Middle East and Arab world printed tributes to him penned by members of the Muslim Brotherhood. Writing his memoirs, the Haj later thanked Eichmann profusely for his protection.
Throughout the 1960s and into the early 1970s, Husseini remained an elder statesman figure within the Muslim world, albeit a sometimes controversial one. Overlooking the mufti’s role in the death of his grandfather, King Hussein of Jordan received Haj al-Husseini as an honored guest in 1967. The Haj lived to see his circle of protégés and acolytes attain considerable power within the Middle East; by 1970 – with al-Husseini’s consent – Yasser Arafat headed the PLO and assumed de facto leadership of the Palestinians; Anwar Sadat was Egyptian President and Saddam Hussein was president and dictator of Iraq. All, at various times, publicly-acknowledged the ideological debt they owed to al-Husseini and his beliefs (including those of National Socialism). The mufti, his hatred of the Jews undimmed, also lived long-enough to see the Black September/PLO terrorist attacks at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich, Germany, and the subsequent deaths of eleven Israeli athletes and a German policeman. Al-Husseini’s granddaughter married Ali Hassan Salameh (aka Abu Hassan), one of the founders of Black September. Haj Amin al-Husseini died in Beirut, Lebanon in 1974. Among the thousands of mourners at his funeral was a visibly grieving Yasser Arafat.
In the next installment of this series, we will examine the life of Muslim Brotherhood commentator and theorist Sayyid Qutb.
Hajj Amin al-Husayni meets Hitler – Historical Film Footage and Transcript – Berlin, Germany, November 28, 1941 – [German, 0:29] – see link below for film footage and transcript.
In this German propaganda newsreel, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Hajj Amin al-Husayni, an Arab nationalist and prominent Muslim religious leader, meets Hitler for the first time. During the meeting, held in in the Reich chancellery, Hitler declined to grant al-Husayni’s request for a public statement–or a secret but formal treaty–in which Germany would: 1) pledge not to occupy Arab land, 2) recognize Arab striving for independence, and 3) support the “removal” of the proposed Jewish homeland in Palestine. The Führer confirmed that the “struggle against a Jewish homeland in Palestine” would be part of the struggle against the Jews. Hitler stated that: he would “continue the struggle until the complete destruction of Jewish-Communist European empire”; and when the German army was in proximity to the Arab world, Germany would issue “an assurance to the Arab world” that “the hour of liberation was at hand.” It would then be al-Husayni’s “responsibility to unleash the Arab action that he has secretly prepared.” The Führer stated that Germany would not intervene in internal Arab matters and that the only German “goal at that time would be the annihilation of Jewry living in Arab space under the protection of British power.”
More on al Husseini:
Pictures of an al Husseini dynasty w/ some interesting comments: http://www.flickr.com/photos/alhusseini/2294941251/in/photostream/
Al Husseini’ title of “Grand Mufti” means that he was considered an “Islamic Scholar.” The Mufti title was awarded to Islamic clerics who were authorized to interpret the Qur’an, Hadith, Sunnah, and Sharia, and based upon their extensive knowledge of Islam, were licensed to issue binding religious dictates called fataawa, plural of fatwa. He was the son of the Mufti of Jerusalem, a man who was one of the richest and most powerful Muslims in the Judean Province of the Ottoman Empire.
Al Husseini was an officer in the Ottoman Army where he would have been at the very least a witness to the Armenian Genocide. The forced relocation and systematic rape, enslavement, and death of 2 million Christians in concentration camps at the hands of the Muslim Ottoman Turks, Germany’s WWI ally, would serve as the model for the mass murder of six-million Jews in the Nazi holocaust twenty years later. It doesn’t take a genius to figure that al-Husseini used this personal experience to inspire Adolf Hitler.
Shortly after meeting al Husseini, Adolf Hitler cited the killing of the Armenians
as a precedent for his own slaughter of the Jews.
“Kill without mercy!” Hitler told his military.
“Who, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians?”
Photograph links Germans to 1915 Armenia genocide
Newly discovered picture shows Kaiser’s officers at scene of Turkish atrocity
Robert Fisk – Sunday 21 October 2012
The photograph – never published before – was apparently taken in the summer of 1915. Human skulls are scattered over the earth. They are all that remain of a handful of Armenians slaughtered by the Ottoman Turks during the First World War. Behind the skulls, posing for the camera, are three Turkish officers in tall, soft hats and a man, on the far right, who is dressed in Kurdish clothes. But the two other men are Germans, both dressed in the military flat caps, belts and tunics of the Kaiserreichsheer, the Imperial German Army. It is an atrocity snapshot – just like those pictures the Nazis took of their soldiers posing before Jewish Holocaust victims a quarter of a century later.
Did the Germans participate in the mass killing of Christian Armenians in 1915?
This is not the first photograph of its kind; yet hitherto the Germans have been largely absolved of crimes against humanity during the first holocaust of the 20th century. German diplomats in Turkish provinces during the First World War recorded the forced deportations and mass killing of a million and a half Armenian civilians with both horror and denunciation of the Ottoman Turks, calling the Turkish militia-killers “scum”.
German parliamentarians condemned the slaughter in the Reichstag.
Indeed, a German army medical officer, Armin Wegner, risked his life to take harrowing photographs of dying and dead Armenians during the genocide. In 1933, Wegner pleaded with Hitler on behalf of German Jews, asking what would become of Germany if he continued his persecution. He was arrested and tortured by the Gestapo and is today recognised at the Yad Vashem Jewish Holocaust memorial in Israel; some of his ashes are buried at the Armenian Genocide Museum in the capital, Yerevan.
It is this same Armenian institution and its energetic director, Hayk Demoyan, which discovered this latest photograph. It was found with other pictures of Turks standing beside skulls, the photographs attached to a long-lost survivor’s testimony. All appear to have been taken at a location identified as “Yerznka” – the town of Erzinjan, many of whose inhabitants were murdered on the road to Erzerum. Erzinjan was briefly captured by Russian General Nikolai Yudenich from the Turkish 3rd Army in June of 1916, and Armenians fighting on the Russian side were able to gather much photographic and documentary evidence of the genocide against their people the previous year. Russian newspapers – also archived at the Yerevan museum – printed graphic photographs of the killing fields. Then the Russians were forced to withdraw.
Wegner took many photographs at the end of the deportation trail in what is now northern Syria, where tens of thousands of Armenians died of cholera and dysentery in primitive concentration camps. However, the museum in Yerevan has recently uncovered more photos taken in Rakka and Ras al-Ayn, apparently in secret by Armenian survivors. One picture – captioned in Armenian, “A caravan of Armenian refugees at Ras al-Ayn” – shows tents and refugees. The photograph seems to have been shot from a balcony overlooking the camp.
Another, captioned in German “Armenian camp in Rakka”, may have been taken by one of Wegner’s military colleagues, showing a number of men and women among drab-looking tents. Alas, almost all those Armenians who survived the 1915 death marches to Ras al-Ayn and Rakka were executed the following year when the Turkish-Ottoman genocide caught up with them.
Some German consuls spoke out against Turkey. The Armenian-American historian Peter Balakian has described how a German Protestant petition to Berlin protested that “since the end of May, the deportation of the entire Armenian population from all the Anatolian Vilayets [governorates] and Cilicia in the Arabian steppes south of the Baghdad-Berlin railway had been ordered”. As the Deutsche Bank was funding the railway, its officials were appalled to see its rolling stock packed with Armenian male deportees and transported to places of execution. Furthermore, Professor Balakian and other historians have traced how some of the German witnesses to the Armenian holocaust played a role in the Nazi regime.
Konstantin Freiherr von Neurath, for example, was attached to the Turkish 4th Army in 1915 with instructions to monitor “operations” against the Armenians; he later became Hitler’s foreign minister and “Protector of Bohemia and Moravia” during Reinhard Heydrich’s terror in Czechoslovakia.
Friedrich Werner von der Schulenburg was consul at Erzerum from 1915-16 and later Hitler’s ambassador to Moscow.
Rudolf Hoess was a German army captain in Turkey in 1916; from 1940-43, he was commandant of the Auschwitz extermination camp and then deputy inspector of concentration camps at SS headquarters. He was convicted and hanged by the Poles at Auschwitz in 1947.
We may never know, however, the identity of the two officers standing so nonchalantly beside the skulls of Erzinjan.
“Just as Hitler wanted a Nazi-dominated world that would be Judenrein – cleansed of its Jews – so in 1914 the Ottoman Empire wanted to construct a Muslim empire that would stretch from Istanbul to Manchuria.”
The Armenians managed to survive for centuries under the Ottoman Empire until around the time Germany’ Robber Barons entered the picture. Is it a coincidence that the massacres began shortly after the Turkish-German railroad deal in 1888… Rothchilds Deutche Bank along with several other banks have been sued by survivors of the genocide.