Brookings Institution

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The Brookings Institution building near Dupont Circle in Washington, D.C.

Date: 2/24/2014 11:52:56 AM

1775 Massachusetts Ave. NW Washington, DC 20036 Phone :(202) 797-6000 Email URL :
  • Leading Democratic Think-Tank in Washington, D.C.

The Brookings Institution defines itself as “a private nonprofit organization devoted to independent research and innovative policy solutions.” Professing to be without a political agenda, it aims to “provide the highest quality research, policy recommendations, and analysis on the full range of public policy issues … for decision-makers in the U.S. and abroad on the full range of challenges facing an increasingly interdependent world.”

The Brookings Institution is an outgrowth of the Institute for Government Research (IGR), which was founded in 1916 to analyze public policy issues at the national level. In 1922 and 1924, one of IGR’s supporters, St. Louis businessman and philanthropist Robert Somers Brookings (1850-1932), established two sister organizations: the Institute of Economics and a graduate school (as part of Washington University) bearing his name. In 1927, the three entities merged to form the Brookings Institution. Its first Board included Mr. Brookings; Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter; Charles W. Eliot, former President of Harvard; Fredric Delano, uncle of future President Franklin Delano Roosevelt; Herbert Hoover; and Frank Goodnow, who would become the first Chairman of the IGR’s Board of Trustees and President of Johns Hopkins University.

Mr. Brookings officially opposed FDR’s expansion of the welfare state during the Great Depression, and then-Brookings Institution President Harold Moulton concluded that the National Recovery Administration had actually impeded recovery. The Institution assisted in the planning of World War II, providing the government with manpower estimates and price control data; it also offered suggestions on the most efficient way to carry out the rebuilding of Europe after the War.

The Brookings Institution’s capacity to shape government policy increased dramatically in the 1950s, when it received substantial grants from the Ford and Rockefeller Foundations.  President Robert Calkins reorganized the Institution into Economic Studies, Government Studies, and Foreign Policy Studies programs, and by the mid-1960s Brookings was conducting nearly 100 research projects per year for the government as well as for private industry, making it the preeminent source of research in the world.

Under the Nixon administration, Brookings’ relationship with the White House deteriorated, largely because many of the Brookings staff were Democrats who identified with the policies of the Great Society, opposed the Vietnam War, and advocated America’s accelerated or unilateral nuclear disarmament. Brookings became part of the Watergate investigation as a result of  Nixon’s decision to authorize a break-in to the Institution’s headquarters in 1971, in connection with the Pentagon Papers leak; He also ordered the FBI to wiretap the telephone of Morton Halperin, a Brookings Fellow.

Brookings tipped back to the political right in the 1970s and 80s, as evidenced by the presence of longtime Republicans like Stephen Hess (one-time speechwriter for President Eisenhower) and Roger Semerad (former Assistant Secretary of Labor under Ronald Reagan) in key positions. Brookings’ then-President, Bruce MacLaury, was Under-Secretary of the Treasury for President Nixon.

Brookings has in recent years shifted back to the political left, particularly in its foreign policy positions. Condemning President Bush’s Iraq policy, in April 2004 Brookings hosted Senator Edward Kennedy in an event aimed at discrediting the Iraq War. As the 2004 Presidential election neared, the Institution’s Fellows endorsed Democratic candidate John Kerry‘s call for a “more sensitively” fought war on terrorism. They have also called for the American government to permit Islamic radicals like Tariq Ramadan to enter the U.S. with work visas.

Brookings has been involved with a variety of internationalist and state-sponsored programs, including the Global Governance Initiative, which aspires to facilitate the establishment of a U.N.-dominated world government, based in part on economic and Third World considerations.


Brookings Fellows have also called for additional global collaboration on trade and banking; the expansion of the Kyoto Protocol; and nationalized health insurance for children. Nine Brookings economists signed a petition opposing President Bush’s tax cuts in 2003.

The research topics addressed by the Brookings Institution include: Business, Cities and Suburbs, Defense, Economics, Education, Environment and Energy, Governance, Politics, Science and Technology, and Social Policy.


The Brookings Institution’s President since 2002 has been Strobe Talbott, who served as President Clinton‘s Deputy Secretary of State.

Strobe Talbott (Clintonite) became president of Brookings in 2002. Shortly thereafter, Brookings launched the Saban Center for Middle East Policy and the John L. Thornton China Center. In October 2006, Brookings announced the establishment of the Brookings-Tsinghua Center in Beijing. In July 2007, the Institution announced the creation of the Engelberg Center for Health Care Reform to be directed by senior fellow Mark McClellan, and then in October 2007, the creation of the Brookings Doha Center directed by fellow Hady Amr in Qatar.

In 2002, the Brookings Institution established the Saban Center for Middle East Policy in order “to promote a better understanding of the policy choices facing American decision makers in the Middle East”.[55] The Center is directed by Tamara Cofman Wittes.[56]

Under Brookings President Bruce MacLaury’s (Clintonite) leadership in the 1980s, the Center for Public Policy Education (CPPE) was formed to develop workshop conferences and public forums to broaden the audience for research programs. In 2005, the Center was renamed the Brookings Center for Executive Education (BCEE), which was shortened to Brookings Executive Education (BEE) with the launch of a partnership with the Olin Business School at Washington University in St. Louis.[63]


The Board of Trustees

Teresa Heinz Kerry, wife of John Kerry;

Zoe Baird, failed Clinton appointee for Attorney General;

Lawrence Summers, former Harvard President and U.S. Treasury Secretary.

Brookings income derives from a wide variety of sources, including seminars run for government and businesses, and a vast array of corporate and government contracts.


In recent years, Brookings has received grants from the

the Aetna Foundation,

the American Express Foundation,

the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation,

the Annie E. Casey Foundation,

the AT&T Foundation,

the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation,

the Carnegie Corporation of New York,

the David and Lucile Packard Foundation,

the Fannie Mae Foundation,

the Ford Foundation,

the Heinz Family Foundation,

the Joyce Foundation, the MacArthur Foundation,

the Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz Foundation,

the Nathan Cummings Foundation,

the Open Society Institute,

Pew Charitable Trusts,

the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation,

the Rockefeller Brothers Fund,

the Rockefeller Foundation,

the Surdna Foundation,

the Turner Foundation,

the Verizon Foundation,

the Vira I. Heinz Endowment,

and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.


In 2004, grants to the Brookings Institutions totaled $32,107,359.
Also as of 2004, the Brookings Institution’s net assets were valued at $248,205,816.


People related to Brookings Institution:

Paul M. Achleitner – trustee
Liaquat Ahamed – trustee
John R. Allen – fellow
Jeffrey Bader – senior fellow
Elizabeth E. Bailey – honorary trustee
Zoe Baird – honorary trustee
Dominic Barton – trustee
Robert M. Bass – trustee
Rex J. Bates – honorary trustee
Alan R. Batkin – trustee
Ben S. Bernanke – distinguished fellow
Richard C. Blum – honorary trustee
Geoffrey T. Boisi – honorary trustee
Crandall C. Bowles – trustee
Louis W. Cabot – honorary trustee
Paul L. Cejas – trustee
William T. Coleman Jr. – honorary trustee
Susan M. Collins – nonresident senior fellow
Howard E. Cox Jr. – trustee
Alan M. Dachs – trustee
Kenneth W. Dam – honorary trustee
Steven A. Denning – honorary trustee
Vishakha N. Desai – honorary trustee
Paul Desmarais Jr. – trustee
E.J. Dionne – senior fellow
David Dollar – senior fellow
David T. Dreier – distinguished fellow
James J. Duderstadt – senior fellow
Alfred B. Engelberg – honorary trustee
Alfonso Fanjul – trustee
Lawrence K. Fish – honorary trustee
Cyrus F. Freidheim Jr. – honorary trustee
Bart Friedman – trustee
David Friend – honorary trustee
Ann M. Fudge – trustee
Ellen V. Futter – trustee
William A. Galston – senior fellow
Ted Gayer – VP
Julia Gillard – senior fellow
Brian L. Greenspun – trustee
Lee H. Hamilton – honorary trustee
William A. Haseltine – honorary trustee
Pete Higgins – trustee
Fiona Hill – director, Center on the United States and Europe
Glenn H. Hutchins – trustee
Joel Z. Hyatt – honorary trustee
Benjamin R. Jacobs – trustee
Kenneth M. Jacobs – trustee
James A. Johnson – honorary trustee
Ann Dibble Jordan – honorary trustee
Vernon E. Jordan Jr. – honorary trustee
Marvin Kalb – senior fellow
Herbert M. Kaplan – honorary trustee
Cameron F. Kerry – fellow
Teresa Heinz Kerry – honorary trustee
Nemir A. Kirdar – trustee
Klaus Kleinfeld – trustee
Philip H. Knight – trustee
Donald L. Kohn – senior fellow
Donald F. McHenry – honorary trustee
Arjay Miller – honorary trustee
Mario M. Morino – honorary trustee
Nigel Morris – trustee
James J. Murren – trustee
Thomas R. Pickering – distinguished fellow
Samuel Pisar – honorary trustee
Robert C. Pozen – senior fellow
Thomas C. Ramey – trustee
Edgar Rios – trustee
Alice M. Rivlin – senior fellow
Charles W. Robinson – honorary trustee
James D. Robinson III – honorary trustee
James E. Rogers – trustee
David H. Romer – senior fellow
Wilbur L. Ross Jr. – trustee
Haim Saban – trustee
Victoria P. Sant – honorary trustee
B. Francis Saul II – honorary trustee
Ralph S. Saul – honorary trustee
Michael P. Schulhof – honorary trustee
Amy W. Schulman – trustee
Peter W. Singer – senior fellow & director of the Center for 21st Century Security
Cass R. Sunstein – senior fellow
Strobe Talbott – president
Larry D. Thompson – trustee
Michael L. Tipsord – trustee
Andrew H. Tisch – trustee
John H. White Jr. – trustee
John C. Whitehead – honorary trustee
Stephen M. Wolf – honorary trustee
Daniel H. Yergin – trustee
Ezra K. Zilkha – honorary trustee
Daniel B. Zwirn – trustee
Other current Brookings Institution relationships:
Tax Policy Center – partner
think tanks – think tank
Brookings Institution past relationships:
Henry J. Aaron – senior fellow
Leonard Abramson – honorary trustee
Michael H. Armacost – president
AT&T Inc. – funder
Martin N. Baily – senior fellow
Daniel Benjamin – senior fellow
Bruce G. Blair – senior fellow
Rebecca M. Blank – senior fellow
Lael Brainard – VP & director
Brown Foundation – funder
John S. Chen – trustee
James W. Cicconi – honorary trustee
A.W. Clausen (deceased) – honorary trustee
Abby Joseph Cohen – trustee
Susan M. Collins – senior fellow
Ivo H. Daalder – senior fellow
D. Ronald Daniel – honorary trustee
Robert A. Day Jr. – honorary trustee
C. Douglas Dillon (deceased) – chairman
Thomas E. Donilon – trustee
Mario Draghi – honorary trustee
Charles W. Duncan Jr. – honorary trustee
Walter Y. Elisha – honorary trustee
Douglas W. Elmendorf – senior fellow
Robert F. Erburu – honorary trustee
Lois Dickson Fitt – guest scholar
Jason L. Furman – senior fellow
Henry Louis Gates Jr. – honorary trustee
Philip H. Gordon – senior fellow
Carol L. Graham – senior fellow
Robert D. Haas – honorary trustee
Hamilton Project – economic policy project
Heinz Endowments – funder
F. Warren Hellman (deceased) – honorary trustee
Samuel Hellman – honorary trustee
Robert A. Helman – honorary trustee
Stephen Hess – senior fellow emeritus
Constance J. Horner – guest scholar
Roy M. Huffington (deceased) – honorary trustee
Jon M. Huntsman Jr. – distinguished fellow
Martin S. Indyk – VP & director of the Foreign Policy Program
Michael H. Jordan – honorary trustee
Joyce Foundation – funder
Robert Kagan – senior fellow
Daniel Kaufmann – fellow
Breene M. Kerr – honorary trustee
Marie L. Knowles – honorary trustee
Harold H. Koh – trustee
Cheng Li – senior fellow, John L. Thornton China Center
Kenneth Lieberthal – senior fellow
James T. Lynn (deceased) – honorary trustee
Jessica Tuchman Mathews – honorary trustee
David O. Maxwell – honorary trustee
Mark B. McClellan – senior fellow
Robert S. McNamara (deceased) – honorary trustee
Mary Patterson McPherson – honorary trustee
Michael S. McPherson – senior fellow
Diana Villiers Negroponte – senior fellow
Jane Nelson – senior fellow
Maconda Brown O’Connor (deceased) – honorary trustee
Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala – visiting fellow
William A. Owens – honorary trustee
Paul E. Peterson – director of governmental studies
Steven Pifer – senior fellow
Kenneth M. Pollack – senior fellow, Middle East policy
John Edward Porter – honorary trustee
Trevor Potter – fellow
Hugh B. Price – senior fellow
Steven L. Rattner – trustee
Diane S. Ravitch – senior fellow
J. Woodward Redmond – honorary trustee
Susan E. Rice – senior fellow
Judith Rodin – honorary trustee
James S. Rubin – trustee
Warren B. Rudman (deceased) – honorary trustee
Sheryl K. Sandberg – trustee
Henry B. Schacht – honorary trustee
Donna E. Shalala – fellow
Joan E. Spero – honorary trustee
James B. Steinberg – director, foreign policy studies
John D. Steinbruner – director of the Foreign Policy Studies Program
David F. Swensen – trustee
Vincent J. Trosino – honorary trustee
James D. Wolfensohn – honorary trustee
Justin Wolfers – senior fellow
At the end of 2004 the Brookings Institution had assets of $258 million and spent $39.7 million, while its budget has grown to more than $80 million in 2009.[64]
Its largest contributors include:-
Article from Ukrainian Victor Pinchuk’s Foundation:

Strobe Talbott and Javier Solana are to visit Ukraine аt the invitation of the Victor Pinchuk Foundation


Leading experts on foreign policy and security – former Deputy Secretary of State of the USA and President of the Brookings Institution Strobe Talbott and former High Representative for Common Foreign and Security  Policy of the European Union (1999-2009) and Secretary General of NATO  (1995-1999) Javier Solana. A public discussion with students and young scholars from top Ukrainian  universities…

During their visit, later that day, Strobe Talbott and Javier Solana will also take part in a meeting of the Diplomatic Club featuring influential Ukrainian politicians, experts and business leaders….

Javier Solana with Bill Clinton and Madeleine Albright, 1999

Solana was born in Madrid, Spain. He comes from a well-known Spanish family, being the grand nephew of Spanish League of Nations disarmament chief, diplomat, writer and European integrationist Salvador de Madariaga[1]

On 5 December 1995, Solana became the new Secretary-General of NATO, replacing Willy Claes who had been forced to resign in a corruption scandal. His appointment created controversy as, in the past, he had been an opponent of NATO. [MC->why would they appoint someone to the top position of NATO when they were against it?]

The Clinton administration claimed in May 2000 that Solana was the fulfilment of Henry Kissinger‘s famous desire to have a phone number to talk to Europe.

Solana and NATO were criticised for the civilian casualties caused by the bombings.[10][11] On 23–24 April, the North Atlantic Council met in Washington D.C. where the Heads of State of the member nations agreed with the New Strategic Concept, which changed the basic defensive nature of the organisation and allowed for NATO intervention in a greater range of situations than before.

On 10 June, Serbian forces withdrew from Kosovo, and NATO stopped its attacks, which ended the Kosovo War. The same day UN Security Council Resolution 1244 authorised NATO to active the ARRC, with the Kosovo Force launching Operation Joint Guardian and occupying the province on 12 June. Solana left NATO on 6 October 1999, two months ahead of schedule, and was replaced by George Robertson.

In November 2004 he assisted the United Kingdom, France and Germany in negotiating a nuclear material enrichment freeze with Iran. In the same month he was involved in mediating between the two presidential candidates in the post-election developments in Ukraine, and on 21 January 2005 he invited Ukraine’s new President Viktor Yushchenko to discuss future EU membership.[14]

In 2010, after he had left office, he signed a petition along with 25 other EU leaders directed at his successor, Catherine Ashton, calling for EU sanctions on Israel in response to continued settlement construction in the West Bank.[15]

More here:

The President of Brookings Institution Strobe Talbott and George Soro’ International Crisis Group Javier Solana who is also a member of the Brookings Institute were both heavily involved in the Balkans.

Strobe Talbott (Clinton admin): “In the next century, nations as we know it will be obsolete; all states will recognize a single, global authority. National sovereignty wasn’t such a great idea after all.”

Brookings work closely with the Council of Foreign Relations, the International Crisis Group, Freedom House, Carnegie, Aspen Institute…and their counterparts in the UK and Continental Europe.


Top Soros Adviser and Confidant Strobe Talbott Identified as Russian Dupe

The International Crisis Group – Soros; ElBaradei…

The Council of Foreign Relations

Organizations Funded By George Soros and His Open Society Institute

Karl Popper’s “Open Society” Philosophy (George Soros Mentor)

Soros Funded “Libyan Scenario” Now Unfolding in Ukraine

Universities in FCC Newsroom Probe Have Close Ties to Soros, Got $1.8M in Funding

Soros & Corporate Group Predicts Terrorism at Winter Olympics

Soros Criminal Conviction Exposes “Human Rights” Scam (flashback – 2012)

Soros Funds Next Generation of Liberal Journalism

Soros Connection to El Baradei & Egypt Revolution

Obama’s War in Libya and Soros’ R2P Doctrine (Samantha Power et al)

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